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Pre 1897 thumbnails


MAKONNEN, RAS
Neg. No: (L) 3453B
Neg. Size: 12"x15"
Neg. Date: NONE

copyright V&A

3453b.jpg (22614 bytes)

Sitters (left to right):

(1) Fitawrari(1) Abba Tabor (c.1845-c.1916/7), General and principal guardian of Ras Mäkonnen's son, Täfari (later Emperor Haile Sellasie I).

(2) Unidentified.

(3) Sir John Lane Harrington (1865-1927), British Consul, Addis Ababa 1902, later Minister Plentipotentiary at Court of Emperor Menilek II.

(4) Memhir Gäbrä Egzi'abeher (c.1835-c.1905), Chief Priest of Harar district and Father Confessor to Ras Mäkonnen.

(5) Ras Mäkonnen (Wäldä-Mika'él)(2) (1852-1906), Ethiopian General & Governor of Harar, cr. Ras 1890; father of Emperor Haile Sellasie I.

(6) Fitawrari(3) Haylä Sellasse Abaynäh, Ethiopian General, and guardian of Ras Mäkonnen's son, Täfari (later Emperor Haile Sellasie I).

(7) Colonel Bernard Ramsden James (1864-1938), Soldier, Intelligence Officer, later Military Attaché in Washington.(4)

(8) Käntiba Gäbru Dästa (1855-1950), Mayor of Gondar; Emperor Menilek II's special envoy to the Khalifa at Omdurman and confidant; moderniser, first signatory to 1931 Constitution.

Date: c. August 1902.

Occasion: Visit to England for the Coronation of King Edward VII, 12 August 1902.

Location: The Lafayette Studio, 179 New Bond Street, London.

Descr: FL.

Costume:

(1, 5, 6 & 8) Civilian attire - silk cloak over white cotton costume; closely fitting jodphur-like white cotton trousers.

(4) White turban; long black silk cape, embroidered either side of collar with Cross of Solomon; closely fitting jodphur-like white cotton trousers.

Costume Supplier: Ras Mäkonnen's cloak and shirt probably made by Serouphi Ebeyan, dress-maker to the Ethiopian Court.

Furniture & Props: Painted backdrops.

Photographer: Lafayette Ltd., 179 New Bond Street, London.

Evidence of photographer at work: -

No of related negatives: 7.

Copyright: V&A

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Provenance: Pinewood Studios; acquired 1989.

References:

Biog:

(1) Public Record Office, Kew, PRO FO 1/206; E. Ullendorff, The Autobiography of Emperor Haile Sellassie I, 'My Life and Ethiopia's Progress', Oxford, 1976, pp 26 & 29.

(3) The Foreign Office List for 1921, London, 1921; Who's Who, The Times, 9 September 1927, p 13c.

(4) PRO ibid.

(5) Hugh Montgomery Massingberd ed., Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol II, London, 1980, p 52b; Who's Who; August B. Wylde, Modern Abyssinia, London, 1900, passim; Felix Rosen, Eine deutsche Gesandschaft in Abessinien, Leipzig, 1907, passim. E.A. Wallis Budge, The History of Ethiopia, London, 1928, Vol II pp 537-8; S.P. Petrides, Le héros d'Adoua, Ras Makonnen, Prince d'Ethiopie, Paris, 1965; Richard D. Greenfield, Ethiopia: A New Political History, London, 1965, pp 147-8; Hayla Giyorgis Belete, Zénahu Le-Leul Ras Makonnen, Addis Ababa, 1972-3; The Encylopædia Africana Dictionary of African Biography, Vol II, New York, 1976, pp 101-2.

(6) Ullendorff, op cit, p 26. (7) Who's Who; The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society, Volume 18, Summer 1979, No. 2(163), article "B.R. James and His Foreign Honours."

(8) The Encyclopædia African Dictionary of African Biography, Vol II, pp 70-71; PRO, ibid.

Occasion: (Visit to England) The World, Coronation Supplement, 2 July 1902, p 5a; The Times, 4 July 1902, p 3f; John Edward Coutenay Bodley, The Coronation of Edward the Seventh: A Chapter of European and Imperial History, London, 1903, p 354; "The Visit of Ras Makonnen to Europe in 1902 and the 'Spy' Cartoon of him", Ethiopia Observer, XIV, 1971, pp 295-7; Public Record Office, Kew, Ref. FO 1, 36-40. (Award of K.C.M.G.) The Times, August 11 1902, p 6b; Sir Lionel Cust, King Edward VII and His Court, London, 1930, p 156. (Award of Coronation Medal) The Times, August 18 1902, p 8a. See also button labelled "background" above.

Costume (for literature on similar examples): (Trousers) Augustus, B. Wylde, Modern Abyssinia, London, 1900, p 248.

Reproduced: -

Acknowledgements: Professor Richard Pankhurst, Addis Ababa University; Mika'él Haylä Sellasé, Addis Ababa; Dr. John Mack, Museum of Mankind, London; (Research) Russell Harris, Barbara Borkowy, Jane Meadows.

1. Later promoted to Däjazmatch, see also note 2.

2. Ras = "title conferred on governors of provinces"; Fitawrari = "General"; Däjazmatch = "Keeper of the King's Door" or "Count" (Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol II, London, 1980, p 45).

3. Later promoted to Däjazmatch.

4. Colonel James was awarded the Order of the Star of Ethiopia by Ras Makonnen during his visit to England (source: The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society, Volume 18, Summer 1979, No. 2(163), article "B.R. James and His Foreign Honours.")

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