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Pre 1897 thumbnails


MAKONNEN, RAS
Neg. No: (L) 3453B
Neg. Size: 12"x15"
Neg. Date: NONE

copyright V&A

3453b.jpg (22614 bytes)

Sitters (left to right):

(1) Fitawrari(1) Abba Tabor (c.1845-c.1916/7), General and principal guardian of Ras M�konnen's son, T�fari (later Emperor Haile Sellasie I).

(2) Unidentified.

(3) Sir John Lane Harrington (1865-1927), British Consul, Addis Ababa 1902, later Minister Plentipotentiary at Court of Emperor Menilek II.

(4) Memhir G�br� Egzi'abeher (c.1835-c.1905), Chief Priest of Harar district and Father Confessor to Ras M�konnen.

(5) Ras M�konnen (W�ld�-Mika'�l) (?? ???? ???????) (2) (1852-1906), Ethiopian General & Governor of Harar, cr. Ras 1890; father of Emperor Haile Sellasie I.

(6) Fitawrari(3) Hayl� Sellasse Abayn�h, Ethiopian General, and guardian of Ras M�konnen's son, T�fari (later Emperor Haile Sellasie I).

(7) Colonel Bernard Ramsden James (1864-1938), Soldier, Intelligence Officer, later Military Attach� in Washington.(4)

(8) K�ntiba G�bru D�sta (1855-1950), Mayor of Gondar; Emperor Menilek II's special envoy to the Khalifa at Omdurman and confidant; moderniser, first signatory to 1931 Constitution.

Date: c. August 1902.

Occasion: Visit to England for the Coronation of King Edward VII, 12 August 1902.

Location: The Lafayette Studio, 179 New Bond Street, London.

Descr: FL.

Costume:

(1, 5, 6 & 8) Civilian attire - silk cloak over white cotton costume; closely fitting jodphur-like white cotton trousers.

(4) White turban; long black silk cape, embroidered either side of collar with Cross of Solomon; closely fitting jodphur-like white cotton trousers.

Costume Supplier: Ras M�konnen's cloak and shirt probably made by Serouphi Ebeyan, dress-maker to the Ethiopian Court.

Furniture & Props: Painted backdrops.

Photographer: Lafayette Ltd., 179 New Bond Street, London.

Evidence of photographer at work: -

No of related negatives: 7.

Copyright: V&A

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Provenance: Pinewood Studios; acquired 1989.

References:

Biog:

(1) Public Record Office, Kew, PRO FO 1/206; E. Ullendorff, The Autobiography of Emperor Haile Sellassie I, 'My Life and Ethiopia's Progress', Oxford, 1976, pp 26 & 29.

(3) The Foreign Office List for 1921, London, 1921; Who's Who, The Times, 9 September 1927, p 13c.

(4) PRO ibid.

(5) Hugh Montgomery Massingberd ed., Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol II, London, 1980, p 52b; Who's Who; August B. Wylde, Modern Abyssinia, London, 1900, passim; Felix Rosen, Eine deutsche Gesandschaft in Abessinien, Leipzig, 1907, passim. E.A. Wallis Budge, The History of Ethiopia, London, 1928, Vol II pp 537-8; S.P. Petrides, Le h�ros d'Adoua, Ras Makonnen, Prince d'Ethiopie, Paris, 1965; Richard D. Greenfield, Ethiopia: A New Political History, London, 1965, pp 147-8; Hayla Giyorgis Belete, Z�nahu Le-Leul Ras Makonnen, Addis Ababa, 1972-3; The Encylop�dia Africana Dictionary of African Biography, Vol II, New York, 1976, pp 101-2.

(6) Ullendorff, op cit, p 26. (7) Who's Who; The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society, Volume 18, Summer 1979, No. 2(163), article "B.R. James and His Foreign Honours."

(8) The Encyclop�dia African Dictionary of African Biography, Vol II, pp 70-71; PRO, ibid.

Occasion: (Visit to England) The World, Coronation Supplement, 2 July 1902, p 5a; The Times, 4 July 1902, p 3f; John Edward Coutenay Bodley, The Coronation of Edward the Seventh: A Chapter of European and Imperial History, London, 1903, p 354; "The Visit of Ras Makonnen to Europe in 1902 and the 'Spy' Cartoon of him", Ethiopia Observer, XIV, 1971, pp 295-7; Public Record Office, Kew, Ref. FO 1, 36-40. (Award of K.C.M.G.) The Times, August 11 1902, p 6b; Sir Lionel Cust, King Edward VII and His Court, London, 1930, p 156. (Award of Coronation Medal) The Times, August 18 1902, p 8a. See also button labelled "background" above.

Costume (for literature on similar examples): (Trousers) Augustus, B. Wylde, Modern Abyssinia, London, 1900, p 248.

Reproduced: -

Acknowledgements: Professor Richard Pankhurst, Addis Ababa University; Mika'�l Hayl� Sellas�, Addis Ababa; Dr. John Mack, Museum of Mankind, London; (Research) Russell Harris, Barbara Borkowy, Jane Meadows.

1. Later promoted to D�jazmatch, see also note 2.

2. Ras = "title conferred on governors of provinces"; Fitawrari = "General"; D�jazmatch = "Keeper of the King's Door" or "Count" (Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol II, London, 1980, p 45).

3. Later promoted to D�jazmatch.

4. Colonel James was awarded the Order of the Star of Ethiopia by Ras Makonnen during his visit to England (source: The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society, Volume 18, Summer 1979, No. 2(163), article "B.R. James and His Foreign Honours.")

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